Debate: Topic and Outline
毎月行われているYYクラブのディスカッションの概要(英訳と日本語訳あり)


今回は10月に開催された第140回YYクラブのテーマの一つ「テレワークは仕事の効率をあげられるか?」
「それは何故か?」に「ついてディスカッションしました。
このディスカッション内容を晶子とBENNJAMINの二人の会話で紹介します。

On October 14th, we held 140TH YY club meeting for debating on the topic "Do you think Telework rises efficiency and attracts workers? And why?"  Let's see how it went in the following conversation with Akiko and Benjamin as always.

Akiko: Recently, "Telework" became a topic of conversation in Japan. This is one of the "Work Style Reforms" promoted by Abe Administration. But what is "Telework"?

Benjamin: It is a work arrangement that employees don't have to work at the company, but enable work from distance places such as a person's home, satellite offices, caf?s.  "Tele" means "afar", so it's the working style away from the central place of work!

Akiko: Wow. That could allow shortening commuting hours, eliminating fatigue during commuting, and rise work efficiency!

Benjamin: Especially for workers who take care of their children and look after their parents, telework must be a really good way because they don't have to go to the office.

Akiko: Now we can use mail, videotelephone, and Skype through Internet, we can easily communicate with each other in different places. Isn't it great not only for employees, but also for companies?

Benjamin: However, would it be a problem? For example, telework could be applied only in certain kinds of work.

Akiko: True. This work style wouldn't be applied especially for workers who belong to the sales department and need to respond to all customers.  I think only people working at management department, IT companies,
and people working as engineers or researchers who usually work by
themselves can telework.

Benjamin: Also, companies can manage employees' working hours if they are at the office, but it would be difficult if they work at home or other places. This could be a worrisome problem for boss. If there is a good relationship of trust with employees, it might be all right.

Akiko: However, there must be a limit of relationship of trust. I think it is necessary to reconsider the way of evaluations.

Benjamin: I think companies should evaluate employees not by their working hours but their outcomes or results, for example, their reports!

Akiko: Why this telework is getting public attention now? And how far is this system accepted by companies?

Benjamin: Japanese government started calling on companies to use telework system in 2007. This is one of the Prime Minister Abe's key policies, therefore Abe administration is putting effort to promote telework. Big businesses are now testing this system, and it is said that 13% of enterprises has already participated. On the other hand, small-to-medium-sized enterprises hasn't started yet.

Akiko: Well, now that you say that, recently I have seen many people working with PC at the caf?. Is it one of the examples of telework?

Benjamin: The government is now trying to promote telework toward the Olympic Tokyo 2020 which is expected to help easing traffic congestion. This year, July 24th was "Telework Day" and about 60 thousand people including people working for Metropolitan government and some companies in Tokyo took part this project. On that day, people didn't go to their office building and they mainly worked at home or other places.

Akiko: I remember what people saying on that day. "The number of commuter trains decreased even it was Monday morning!"

Benjamin: In that case, this working style will be able to help easing traffic congestion during the Olympics!

Akiko: This system is not only for the Olympics. It's one of the side effects!

Benjamin: That is true. The real purpose of telework is to solve problems of raising children, caring and nursing of the elderly. Moreover, it will lead to the solution of the declining birth rate and aging population in the future. I think this work style reform is very important.

Akiko: I hope it works!!

Written by Mr.Chiba and translated by Ms. Kojima


ご参考に日本語原文を以下に付します。

A:最近、安倍内閣の改革テーマである「働き方改革」の一環でもある「TELEWORK」が話題になっているけれど、「テレワーク」って何?
B:「会社には行かず、自宅や近くの会社施設で仕事を行うこと」だよ!TELEWORKのTELEは遠隔の意味だね!「職場から離れての仕事の方法」と言うことだ!
A:それであれば、通勤時間の短縮や通勤の疲れもなくなり、効率も上がるだろう!
B:特に、育児や介護を抱えているワーカーには、同時に、世話もでき、そのための心配もなくなるので、有効だね!
A:最近はインターネットでのメールやテレビ電話・SKYPEなども発達しているので、職場にいる様にコミュニケーションも取れるので、ワーカーのみならず会社にとっても良いのではないだろうか?
B:しかし問題がないのであろうか? 例えば、適応する職場(種)が限定されるのではないか?
A:例えば、営業部門はお客が相手では無理であろう!管理部門やIT企業などのエンジニアや研究所などの普段一人で仕事が出来る部門に限られるだろう!
B:また、会社ではタイムカードで労働時間を管理できるが、自宅では出来ない。ボスにとっては悩ましいところだ! 信頼関係があれば問題ないが・・・。
A:信頼関係と言っても限界があるのでは? その他の評価方法を適応すべきであろう!
B:また、例えば、勤務時間で評価するのではなく、出力である成果物(レポートなど)で評価すべきであろう!
A:ま何故、今、話題になっているのだろうか? また会社で、どの程度受け入れらているだろうか?
B:近年では、2007年に政府が呼びかけ開始された。最近は、安倍内閣の目玉改革なので内閣として力を入れていることもある。大手企業では試しの段階であれけれど、13%の企業が参加していると言われている。中小企業では未だであるけれど・・・。
A:確かに、最近、喫茶店でパソコンを使って仕事をしている人を見かける様になったね!これもその例であろうか?
B:政府はさらにこれを促進するため、2020年の東京オリンピックに向けて、その時期の交通混雑の緩和に役立つためになることを期待して、オリンピック開始時期に合わせて、今年7月24日を「テレワーク・デイ」として首都圏で、政府
機関や東京都、民間企業など927社・団体の約6万人が自宅など、職場以外で仕事を行った。
A:この日は「月曜日 の朝なのに、通勤電車に乗客が少なくなった」と言われた。
B:であればオリンピックの交通混雑緩和に役立ちそうだね!
A:この改革は何もオリンピックの交通緩和が目的ではない。それはあくまで、副作用の効果としてであるよ!
B:そうね!本来の目的である子育てや介護問題からの解決策だ! さらに、将来は少子化問題の解決に繋がるであろう! 重要な改革と言えるね!
A:うまく成功して欲しいね!

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